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[Centos]yum仓库配置及常用操作

[Centos]yum仓库配置及常用操作

yum时不时抽风?仓库获取不到最新资源?先理解yum是怎么工作的吧!

常用的储存库

要注意的坑

  • 储存库要启用了才有效
  • yum repo 只能显示已启用的储存库 显示全部需要yum repolist all
  • 如果使用yum-config-manager配置仓库一定要记得保存
  • 配置完后记得要yum makecache建立缓存,如果不放心可以先yum clean all 清除所有缓存

> 上面的坑我全部踩了

命令 yum repolist all

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Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
* base: mirror.scalabledns.com
* elrepo: repos.lax-noc.com
* elrepo-extras: repos.lax-noc.com
* elrepo-kernel: repos.lax-noc.com
* extras: repos-lax.psychz.net
* updates: repos-lax.psychz.net
repo id repo name status
// 这些仓库应该是系统升级时留下来的
C7.0.1406-base/x86_64 CentOS-7.0.1406 - Base disabled
C7.0.1406-centosplus/x86_64 CentOS-7.0.1406 - CentOSPlus disabled
C7.0.1406-extras/x86_64 CentOS-7.0.1406 - Extras disabled
C7.0.1406-fasttrack/x86_64 CentOS-7.0.1406 - Fasttrack disabled
C7.0.1406-updates/x86_64 CentOS-7.0.1406 - Updates disabled
C7.1.1503-base/x86_64 CentOS-7.1.1503 - Base disabled
C7.1.1503-centosplus/x86_64 CentOS-7.1.1503 - CentOSPlus disabled
C7.1.1503-extras/x86_64 CentOS-7.1.1503 - Extras disabled
C7.1.1503-fasttrack/x86_64 CentOS-7.1.1503 - Fasttrack disabled
C7.1.1503-updates/x86_64 CentOS-7.1.1503 - Updates disabled
C7.2.1511-base/x86_64 CentOS-7.2.1511 - Base disabled
C7.2.1511-centosplus/x86_64 CentOS-7.2.1511 - CentOSPlus disabled
C7.2.1511-extras/x86_64 CentOS-7.2.1511 - Extras disabled
C7.2.1511-fasttrack/x86_64 CentOS-7.2.1511 - Fasttrack disabled
C7.2.1511-updates/x86_64 CentOS-7.2.1511 - Updates disabled
C7.3.1611-base/x86_64 CentOS-7.3.1611 - Base disabled
C7.3.1611-centosplus/x86_64 CentOS-7.3.1611 - CentOSPlus disabled
C7.3.1611-extras/x86_64 CentOS-7.3.1611 - Extras disabled
C7.3.1611-fasttrack/x86_64 CentOS-7.3.1611 - Fasttrack disabled
C7.3.1611-updates/x86_64 CentOS-7.3.1611 - Updates disabled
C7.4.1708-base/x86_64 CentOS-7.4.1708 - Base disabled
C7.4.1708-centosplus/x86_64 CentOS-7.4.1708 - CentOSPlus disabled
C7.4.1708-extras/x86_64 CentOS-7.4.1708 - Extras disabled
C7.4.1708-fasttrack/x86_64 CentOS-7.4.1708 - Fasttrack disabled
C7.4.1708-updates/x86_64 CentOS-7.4.1708 - Updates disabled
C7.5.1804-base/x86_64 CentOS-7.5.1804 - Base disabled
C7.5.1804-centosplus/x86_64 CentOS-7.5.1804 - CentOSPlus disabled
C7.5.1804-extras/x86_64 CentOS-7.5.1804 - Extras disabled
C7.5.1804-fasttrack/x86_64 CentOS-7.5.1804 - Fasttrack disabled
C7.5.1804-updates/x86_64 CentOS-7.5.1804 - Updates disabled
C7.6.1810-base/x86_64 CentOS-7.6.1810 - Base disabled
C7.6.1810-centosplus/x86_64 CentOS-7.6.1810 - CentOSPlus disabled
C7.6.1810-extras/x86_64 CentOS-7.6.1810 - Extras disabled
C7.6.1810-fasttrack/x86_64 CentOS-7.6.1810 - Fasttrack disabled
C7.6.1810-updates/x86_64 CentOS-7.6.1810 - Updates disabled
// centos7核心库 源码库和开发库的源就不开了
base/7/x86_64 CentOS-7 - Base enabled: 10,096+1
base-debuginfo/x86_64 CentOS-7 - Debuginfo disabled
base-source/7 CentOS-7 - Base Sources disabled
// 看上去是多媒体相关的库 没桌面环境应该是用不上了
c7-media CentOS-7 - Media disabled
// 这个源主要是用来替换base源的,其中有不少包是base源的增强版
// 但是如果开启这个源部分包可能会于base冲突
// 需要在base源中exclude 或者使用yum-plugin-priorities插件来保证兼容性
// 引用WIKI: https://wiki.centos.org/zh/AdditionalResources/Repositories/CentOSPlus
centosplus/7/x86_64 CentOS-7 - Plus disabled
centosplus-source/7 CentOS-7 - Plus Sources disabled
// cr = Continuous Release 下次发布内容 相当于beta版了
cr/7/x86_64 CentOS-7 - cr disabled
// elrepo = The Community Enterprise Linux Repository
// http://elrepo.org 从描述中可以看出是驱动包 如果有UI可能要开
elrepo ELRepo.org Community Enterprise enabled: 147
elrepo-extras ELRepo.org Community Enterprise enabled: 19
elrepo-kernel ELRepo.org Community Enterprise enabled: 37
elrepo-testing ELRepo.org Community Enterprise disabled
// 这个源要开啊 EPEL仓库 相当多常用的软件都在里面
// https://fedoraproject.org/
epel/x86_64 Extra Packages for Enterprise Li disabled
epel-debuginfo/x86_64 Extra Packages for Enterprise Li disabled
epel-source/x86_64 Extra Packages for Enterprise Li disabled
epel-testing/x86_64 Extra Packages for Enterprise Li disabled
epel-testing-debuginfo/x86_64 Extra Packages for Enterprise Li disabled
epel-testing-source/x86_64 Extra Packages for Enterprise Li disabled
extras/7/x86_64 CentOS-7 - Extras enabled: 305
extras-source/7 CentOS-7 - Extras Sources disabled
fasttrack/7/x86_64 CentOS-7 - fasttrack disabled
updates/7/x86_64 CentOS-7 - Updates enabled: 733+5
updates-source/7 CentOS-7 - Updates Sources disabled
repolist: 11,337

命令 yum-config-manager [yum配置管理器]

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Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Usage: yum-config-manager [options] [section ...]

Options:
Plugin Options:

Yum Base Options:
-h, --help show this help message and exit
-t, --tolerant be tolerant of errors
// 完全从系统缓存运行,不更新缓存
-C, --cacheonly run entirely from system cache, don't update cache
-c [config file], --config=[config file]
config file location
-R [minutes], --randomwait=[minutes]
maximum command wait time
-d [debug level], --debuglevel=[debug level]
debugging output level
--showduplicates show duplicates, in repos, in list/search commands
-e [error level], --errorlevel=[error level]
error output level
--rpmverbosity=[debug level name]
debugging output level for rpm
-q, --quiet quiet operation
-v, --verbose verbose operation
-y, --assumeyes answer yes for all questions
--assumeno answer no for all questions
--version show Yum version and exit
--installroot=[path]
set install root
--enablerepo=[repo]
// 启用储存库
enable one or more repositories (wildcards allowed)
--disablerepo=[repo]
disable one or more repositories (wildcards allowed)
-x [package], --exclude=[package]
exclude package(s) by name or glob
--disableexcludes=[repo]
disable exclude from main, for a repo or for
everything
--disableincludes=[repo]
disable includepkgs for a repo or for everything
--obsoletes enable obsoletes processing during updates
--noplugins disable Yum plugins
--nogpgcheck disable gpg signature checking
--disableplugin=[plugin]
disable plugins by name
--enableplugin=[plugin]
enable plugins by name
--skip-broken skip packages with depsolving problems
--color=COLOR control whether color is used
--releasever=RELEASEVER
set value of $releasever in yum config and repo files
--downloadonly don't update, just download
--downloaddir=DLDIR
specifies an alternate directory to store packages
--setopt=SETOPTS set arbitrary config and repo options
--bugfix Include bugfix relevant packages, in updates
--security Include security relevant packages, in updates
--advisory=ADVS, --advisories=ADVS
Include packages needed to fix the given advisory, in
updates
--bzs=BZS Include packages needed to fix the given BZ, in
updates
--cves=CVES Include packages needed to fix the given CVE, in
updates
--sec-severity=SEVS, --secseverity=SEVS
Include security relevant packages matching the
severity, in updates

yum-config-manager options:
// 保存当前设置
--save save the current options (useful with --setopt)
// 启用仓库 (自动保存)
--enable enable the specified repos (automatically saves)
// 禁用仓库 (自动保存)
--disable disable the specified repos (automatically saves)
// 从文件或URL添加仓库 (并启用)
--add-repo=ADDREPO add (and enable) the repo from the specified file or
url

命令 yum

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Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Usage: yum [options] COMMAND

List of Commands:

check Check for problems in the rpmdb
check-update Check for available package updates
clean Remove cached data
deplist List a package's dependencies
distribution-synchronization Synchronize installed packages to the latest available versions
downgrade downgrade a package
erase Remove a package or packages from your system
fs Acts on the filesystem data of the host, mainly for removing docs/lanuages for minimal hosts.
fssnapshot Creates filesystem snapshots, or lists/deletes current snapshots.
groups Display, or use, the groups information
help Display a helpful usage message
history Display, or use, the transaction history
info Display details about a package or group of packages
install Install a package or packages on your system
list List a package or groups of packages
load-transaction load a saved transaction from filename
makecache Generate the metadata cache
provides Find what package provides the given value
reinstall reinstall a package
repo-pkgs Treat a repo. as a group of packages, so we can install/remove all of them
repolist Display the configured software repositories
search Search package details for the given string
shell Run an interactive yum shell
swap Simple way to swap packages, instead of using shell
update Update a package or packages on your system
update-minimal Works like upgrade, but goes to the 'newest' package match which fixes a problem that affects your system
updateinfo Acts on repository update information
upgrade Update packages taking obsoletes into account
version Display a version for the machine and/or available repos.


Options:
-h, --help show this help message and exit
-t, --tolerant be tolerant of errors
-C, --cacheonly run entirely from system cache, don't update cache
-c [config file], --config=[config file]
config file location
-R [minutes], --randomwait=[minutes]
maximum command wait time
-d [debug level], --debuglevel=[debug level]
debugging output level
--showduplicates show duplicates, in repos, in list/search commands
-e [error level], --errorlevel=[error level]
error output level
--rpmverbosity=[debug level name]
debugging output level for rpm
-q, --quiet quiet operation
-v, --verbose verbose operation
-y, --assumeyes answer yes for all questions
--assumeno answer no for all questions
--version show Yum version and exit
--installroot=[path] set install root
--enablerepo=[repo] enable one or more repositories (wildcards allowed)
--disablerepo=[repo] disable one or more repositories (wildcards allowed)
-x [package], --exclude=[package]
exclude package(s) by name or glob
--disableexcludes=[repo]
disable exclude from main, for a repo or for
everything
--disableincludes=[repo]
disable includepkgs for a repo or for everything
--obsoletes enable obsoletes processing during updates
--noplugins disable Yum plugins
--nogpgcheck disable gpg signature checking
--disableplugin=[plugin]
disable plugins by name
--enableplugin=[plugin]
enable plugins by name
--skip-broken skip packages with depsolving problems
--color=COLOR control whether color is used
--releasever=RELEASEVER
set value of $releasever in yum config and repo files
--downloadonly don't update, just download
--downloaddir=DLDIR specifies an alternate directory to store packages
--setopt=SETOPTS set arbitrary config and repo options
--bugfix Include bugfix relevant packages, in updates
--security Include security relevant packages, in updates
--advisory=ADVS, --advisories=ADVS
Include packages needed to fix the given advisory, in
updates
--bzs=BZS Include packages needed to fix the given BZ, in
updates
--cves=CVES Include packages needed to fix the given CVE, in
updates
--sec-severity=SEVS, --secseverity=SEVS
Include security relevant packages matching the
severity, in updates

Plugin Options:

copyright.author:Daizc
copyright.permalink:https://note.bequick.run/[Centos]yum%E4%BB%93%E5%BA%93%E9%85%8D%E7%BD%AE%E5%8F%8A%E5%B8%B8%E7%94%A8%E6%93%8D%E4%BD%9C/
版权声明:本文采用 CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 CN 协议进行许可
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